Tuesday, May 18, 2010

LSPM Joint Probability Tables

I've received several requests for methods to create joint probability tables for use in LSPM's portfolio optimization functions.  Rather than continue to email this example to individuals who ask, I post it here in hopes they find it via a Google search. ;-)

I'm certain there are more robust ways to estimate this table, but the code below is a start...

'x' is a matrix of market system returns
'n' is the number of bins to create for each system
'FUN' is the function to use to calculate the value for each bin
'...' are args to be passed to 'FUN'

jointProbTable <- function(x, n=3, FUN=median, ...) {

  # Load LSPM
  if(!require(LSPM,quietly=TRUE)) stop(warnings())

  # Function to bin data
  quantize <- function(x, n, FUN=median, ...) {
    if(is.character(FUN)) FUN <- get(FUN)
    bins <- cut(x, n, labels=FALSE)
    res <- sapply(1:NROW(x), function(i) FUN(x[bins==bins[i]], ...))

  # Allow for different values of 'n' for each system in 'x'
  if(NROW(n)==1) {
    n <- rep(n,NCOL(x))
  } else
  if(NROW(n)!=NCOL(x)) stop("invalid 'n'")

  # Bin data in 'x'
  qd <- sapply(1:NCOL(x), function(i) quantize(x[,i],n=n[i],FUN=FUN,...))

  # Aggregate probabilities
  probs <- rep(1/NROW(x),NROW(x))
  res <- aggregate(probs, by=lapply(1:NCOL(qd), function(i) qd[,i]), sum)

  # Clean up output, return lsp object
  colnames(res) <- colnames(x)
  res <- lsp(res[,1:NCOL(x)],res[,NCOL(res)])

# Example
N <- 30
x <- rnorm(N)/100; y <- rnorm(N)/100; z <- rnorm(N)/100
zz <- cbind(x,y,z)
(jpt <- jointProbTable(zz,n=c(4,3,3)))
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